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Pulna (Ethambutol)

Pulna eliminates certain bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB). It is used with other medicines to treat tuberculosis and to prevent you from giving the infection to others. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Pulna comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It usually is taken once a day in the morning. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take Pulna exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Other names for this medication:
Ethambutol, Myambutol, Combutol, Ecox, Etambutol, Etapiam, Etibi, Macox, Pulna, Rifafour, Rimstar, Tibutol, Turresis,

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Truxa, Mycoderm, Esopral, Samnir, Fulgram, Harnal, Clamycin, Fugacar, Trant, Zantac, Zurcazol, Esoz, Medoclav, Flunil, Spitomin, Ftda, Metrin, Oprazole, Estiva, Borbalan, Flucomed, Auram, Cozole, Omizac, Valacyclovir, Detrusitol, Ulzol, Lomaz, Vigora, Aciclostad, Grunamox, Lanzul, Dute, Etambutol, Omic, Augpen, Cyclovir,

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Immunologic responses in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections. Experimental results indicated that the average acute toxicity of acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides to C. 38 patients were operated with cervical laminoplasty using T-saw and CHA spacer, among them there were 31 multisegmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients, 5 ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) patients, 2 anterior fusion failure patients. Deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) is characterized by deficits in self-regulating the physiological arousal caused by strong emotions.

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We present a case of entrapment of radial nerve in the callus of a supracondylar humerus fracture with cubitus varus deformity. Ascorbic acid significantly reduced the occurrence of sodium nitrite-induced methemoglobin (METHB) formation in a dose-dependent manner in erythrocytes from glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD)-deficient humans in vitro. This new gene, designated Siaz, was found in zebrafish, and its product is predicted to share extensive amino acid sequence homology with Drosophila SINA. If individuals of the two species were recorded together, we found no reaction of P.

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The influence that the amygdala may exert on the development of hippocampal kindling was investigated using three different approaches: (i) after uni- or bilateral amygdalectomy by thermocoagulation, (ii) after prestimulation of the amygdala until the appearance of masticatory movements, and (iii) after increasing the GABA concentration in the amygdala with gamma-vinyl GABA. Ocular complications in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis and renal transplants from cadavers One of the strategies to discover new drugs is to reposition or repurpose existing drugs, thus reducing the cost and time of drug development. To make an accurate diagnosis, the clinician must understand the normal adolescent menstrual cycle and related hormone feedback mechanisms. Global chromosomal structural instability in a subpopulation of starving Escherichia coli cells.

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Most significantly, the characteristic age-related rearrangements occurring in the mitochondrial DNA of wild-type strains of P. Evaluation of a series of testing procedures to predict neonatal isoerythrolysis in the foal. In conclusion, TIP30 may play an important role in the suppression of hepatocarcinogenesis by acting as a tumor suppressor.

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The present commentary highlights the results of a recent study published in Critical Care and discusses whether moderate insulin therapy is equally as beneficial as conventional insulin therapy in preventing protein catabolism and loss. Syphilis, a known major public health issue for soldiers during periods of conflict, is exacerbated in the Democratic Republic of Congo due to widespread sexual violence. In many cases, initial treatment will serve to minimise morbidity, before treatment can be delivered by an ophthalmologist. Effect of acute stressor on reproductive behavior differs between urban and rural birds.

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Centrioles and cilia in palatal squamous epithelium in guinea pigs. Betel nut chewing and smokeless tobacco produce similar risk to cancer incidence as tobacco smoking. Knowledge of the anatomical landmarks is essential in ultrasound image reading. The level of COX2 and p16 after capecitabine and vinorelbine treatment was assessed with immunohistochemical methods.

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Analyses were conducted with and without adjustment for sex, marital status, education, English-language proficiency, nativity, and insurance status. Structural diversity within GAG chains ensures that each protein-GAG interaction is as specific as necessary and a number of sequences of saccharides that recognize individual proteins have been elucidated. Light-harvesting BChl c, d or e is thought to be located inside the rod elements which fill the chlorosome appressed to the inside of tbe cytoplasmic membrane of green photosynthetic bacteria. The distribution of antibodies at retransplantation (2nd graft) was similar whether the lost 1st graft was compatible for 0-2 or 3-4 HLA antigens.

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The experimental use of the diaphragm as an auxiliary myocardium. Excessive numbers and activity of peripheral blood B cells in infants with Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia. These pilot results indicate that locally delivered, controlled-release antimicrobial treatment may improve the amount of bone gain during guided tissue regeneration procedures. Tacrolimus (FK506) is a new immunosuppressive drug in organ transplantation that has demonstrated experimentally to be more deleterious on bone mineral metabolism than cyclosporine.

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To identify histopathological aspects that could suggest a pathogenic hypothesis we studied immunohistochemical features in spinal cords obtained from patients that died due to progressive spastic paraparesis. We investigated properties of genes related to selected variants and their roles in signaling and metabolic pathways.

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In contrast, IL-6 levels were reduced on the grit-blasted/acid rough surfaces. It is also noteworthy that we studied receptor internalization in platelets by a radioligand binding approach showing that both receptors internalize rapidly in these cells. These inequalities are more pronounced in the ventricle with compromised function, but in both normal and compromised ventricles they are minimal several beats after tracer concentration peaks if injection is into the right atrium.

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The radial dipole in the sensory cortex (area 1 or area 3a) or motor cortex (area 4) could have formed the positive/negative biphasic wave in the relatively wide centroparietal area in the present patients. We first designed a control experiment with eight cDNA clones corresponding to sequences located on chromosome 4 and obtained robust and specific hybridization signals. Patients undergoing ACLR with a standardized spinal anesthesia plan were randomized to receive a perineural catheter with either placebo injection-infusion, or injection-infusion with levobupivacaine. However, the influence of upstream events on calpain/caspase activation and the role of calpain/caspase activation on subsequent downstream events are poorly understood.

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The discriminating ability of total IgE was better in the age group 20-44 than 45-70 years and comparable in males and females. The identification of the breakpoints should make it possible to develop specific tests for these mutations, and the data provide further evidence for the role of Alu repeats in intragenic deletions.

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Polymyxin E(1) stability in rat and dog plasma for 24 h at room temperature and through three freeze-thaw cycles was demonstrated. For both experimental and reference cakes, chemical analysis and sensory evaluation were carried out during the fermentation period. The development of the bladder trigone, the center of the anti-reflux mechanism. The prevalence of spinal tuberculosis is likely to rise as the numbers of those infected with human immunodeficiency virus rises.

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High level expression of C-terminal truncated recombinant chicken interferon-gamma in baculovirus vector system. Information included changes in body weight, CD4 cell numbers, and intestinal absorption-as judged by the xylose load-before and after clinical nutritional support and the outcome of children. We reviewed the published literature on follow-up strategies intended to improve survival and quality of life.

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The activation of p70s6k is accompanied by a complex series of phosphorylation events. Crystal-lacking mutant strains display a smaller maximal bending angle and a reduced gravitropic bending rate in comparison to the wild type. Evaluation of the functional state of the left ventricular heart muscle prior to and following commissurotomy by means of polycardiographic registration

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However, there is evidence of quality issues with some Internet health information sites. To study the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1/lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 in nasal polyps tissue and its significance. However, no difference of Ara-C-induced apoptosis between wild-type and mutant cells was observed. MinD plays a central role in this process, as it positions and activates MinC and is dependent on DivIVA for its own positioning at the poles. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 by depolarization stimulates tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation and dopamine synthesis in rat brain.

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The effect of topically applied potassium fluorostannite on the dental caries experience in children. Epidemiological studies of life events and psychiatric cases are reviewed. Passive samplers were collected after 2.5-7 h of exposure, at the same time as post-shift urinary samples, to evaluate the individual time-weighted average (TWA) exposures to sevoflurane and N(2)O. Our aim was to explore: (1) if there are specific differences in temperament dimensions related to depression in comparison with general population, (2) if the treatment response during the acute phase of major depressive disorder (MDD) is predictable by TCI temperament dimensions. Withdrawal of IL-3 caused down-regulation of Bcl-xL, resulting in a drop in mitochondrial membrane transition potential followed by the release of cytochrome c and endonuclease G from mitochondria.

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Studies on the influence of the degree of unfolding and the orientation of the side chains on the activity of a surface-spread enzyme. Genome-Wide Transcriptome Analysis of CD36 Overexpression in HepG2.2.15 Cells to Explore Its Regulatory Role in Metabolism and the Hepatitis B Virus Life Cycle. It is concluded that Pi imbalance increases more when the Pi consumption is higher and that Pi loss increases more with higher than lower Pi imbalance indicating that during HK Pi imbalance is due to the inability of the body to use Pi but not to the Pi shortage in the diet.

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Epidemiological cohort designs and a human capital method were set up to measure respectively the medical direct and indirect cost of sports injuries. At different places in the brain, neurosteroid concentrations vary according to environmental and behavioral circumstances, such as stress, sex recognition, or aggressiveness.

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The use of tetracyclines in poultry may therefore co-select for resistance to MLS(B) antibiotics, which may be important as alternative therapy for enterococcal infections in humans. Data was prospectively collected by independent audit clerks on a standardised proforma.

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Understanding the molecular mechanisms that underlie this commitment should provide important insights into how normal cells become tumorigenic and how new anticancer strategies can be devised. Binding of dihydrostreptomycin to Escherichia coli ribosomes: kinetics of the reaction. The possibility that IGFBP-6 inhibits the osteoblast phenotype and also mediates the inhibitory effect of atRA on osteoblast marker gene expression was explored using an antisense approach. Physical examination revealed blood and urate staining on feathers around the cloaca.

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Assessing long-term impacts of increased crop productivity on atmospheric CO2. A 15-yr-old male collapsed suddenly after ingesting an unknown substance and smoking marijuana.

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Cigarette smoking is the main risk factor for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A 2-D convolutional image formation model was first used to generate RF signals for quality assessment of ME in the normal and ischemic cases. Experiments 3 and 4 showed that suppression of positive thinness thoughts also elicited more health-promoting behaviours. CYP21 pseudogene transcripts are much less abundant than those from the active gene in normal human adrenocortical cells under various conditions in culture.

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Corneal responses to repeated inoculation with herpes simplex virus in rabbits. Conditioned supernatants from stromal cells incubated with epithelial cells also decreased pIgR production.

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Furthermore, the essentiality of the aldehydic proton for tumor-inhibitor activity was demonstrated by the inactivity of two derivatives in which the aldehydic proton was replaced by a methyl group or by an oxygen atom. However, the significance of proteolysis on PrP-induced cell death is controversial. In vitro and in vivo effect of verapamil on human airway responsiveness to leukotriene D4. This naturalistic pilot study examined the effectiveness of a 2-week, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) oriented partial hospital program. These agents may be used alone, in a standardized treatment regimen, or in combination with modifications of the standardized approach.

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We found that sonohysterography does provide additional information over transvaginal sonography alone and is an important adjunct to transvaginal sonography in symptomatic women with known or suspected myomas, particularly before surgical or medical therapy. In conclusion, we identify IFN-gamma as a potent regulatory Th1 cytokine possessing exclusive abilities to augment intrinsic antistaphylococcal effector mechanisms in human ECs without ablating the S.

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Characteristics of adrenalectomy patients, diagnoses, operations, and physicians were analyzed. Also the cella-media-indices were higher in the more mature infants which we believe is the result from growth of cerebral substance in the last third of pregnancy. Previous studies have shown that repeated intracytoplasmic sperm injection failures can be associated with sperm DNA damage. Emerging concepts suggest that the functional phenotype of macrophages is regulated by transcription factors that define alternative activation states. Two promoter (-550 H/L and -221 X/Y) and three exon polymorphisms (52 A/D, 54 A/B, and 57 A/C) were determined, together with known risk factors for irinotecan-induced toxicity.

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Analysis of mouse neurovirulence, performed by intracerebral inoculation, demonstrated that the 17D/Den 2 chimera is more attenuated in this system than the YF 17DD virus. Prospective evaluation of the new chromogenic medium Candida ID, in comparison with Candiselect, for isolation of molds and isolation and presumptive identification of yeast species. The patient remains in haematological remission 5 years after the procedure. State of the central and renal hemodynamics, of electrolyte metabolism and of the renin-aldosterone system in chronic diseases of the small intestine

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How inclines affect the escape behaviour of a dune-dwelling lizard, Uma scoparia. Benefits were also seen for word fluency and backward digit span. We suggest that the evolutionary advent of the mammalian cortical inside-out gradient became partly possible through the activation of the Cdk5/p35 pathway, which permitted migrating cells to move across layers of older cells. Contrary to expectation, no differences were noted between these two groups with regard to the overall degree of social disability.

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Copper was extremely toxic since it was able to overturn the regulatory influence of calcium when it was present in concentrations as low as 10(-6)M. THE NURSING and Midwifery Council (NMC) has developed new guidance to support nurses in delivering expert and compassionate care for older people. Backgrounds for assessing occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust in Poland and worldwide

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The objective of this study was to explore the effect of sublethal cadmium (Cd) exposure on the behavioural and physiological responses of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to alarm substance. Association of antithrombotic factor deficiencies and hypofibrinolysis with Legg-Perthes disease.

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The endometrium seems to play a subtle role in the more negative reproductive outcome of obese women, according to recent studies based on the ovum donation model. Both respiratory and limb/trunk dyskinesias were addressed by the implantation of a unilateral globus pallidus interna deep brain stimulator (GPi-DBS).

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The effects of several thyroxine analogues upon the thyrodal I 131 uptake in man. DCs were generated from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and allowed to interact with human apoptotic and necrotic neutrophils in the presence or absence of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha). The negative effects of passive smoking on the health of the foetus or child continue to receive little attention, despite the large volume of research in this area. PA outcomes are measured and assessed in many longitudinal studies, but their analyses often pose difficulties due to the presence of many zeros, extreme skewness, and lack of independence, which render standard regression methods inappropriate. Organic cation transporters in the renal proximal tubule are important in the secretion of many clinically used drugs and their metabolites.

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These findings provide a large body of information regarding gene expression profiles associated with complete H-mole tumorigenesis and allow the identification of potential targets for tumor prevention or therapy. This article explores the lived experience of nurse healers in nursing, reporting on three themes identified in a recent hermeneutic phenomenological research study. Serum B12 and erythrocyte folate were measured in 16 non-dialysed uraemic patients, 28 peritoneal dialysed patients, 28 haemodialysed patients, 14 renal transplanted patients with normal renal function and 49 healthy control subjects.

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Simultaneous rupture of a patellar tendon and contralateral quadriceps tendon The impact of TNF-alpha on trypanosome parasitemia may be indirect, at least with respect to the four strains of trypanosomes reported here. As part of these experiments we tested hydrolyzed waste biomass from these same algae to determine whether the algae themselves could be made part of the biological recycling process. Modifications of tryptophan peroxidase activity in the hepatic tissue of the rat produced by glucose load, alloxan and ethionine diabetes The successful use of cardiac by-pass in the correction of congenital heart lesions in infants and small children.

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The study population consisted of 4,962 white and 326 black men treated with anatomical radical retropubic prostatectomy between 1988 and 2004 by 10 different surgeons at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, a tertiary care referral center. We have gathered examples that show how the philosophy and the clinical practice of the procedures used in occupational therapy stem from the process of humanising medical care.

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Antibiotic concentrations in pus and bone of children with osteomyelitis. Histological signs of vasculitis were found at both sites, but in clinically normal skin the perivascular infiltrate was less dense and neutrophils and eosinophils were sparse or absent. Key challenges in antiparasitic drug discovery are target selection and identification of appropriate small molecules as potential ligands for these targets. An unrecognized epidemic of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in Vienna.

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Chemotaxonomic features associated with flavonoids of cannabinoid-free cannabis (Cannabis sativa subsp. Serum concentrations of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone and prevalent metabolic syndrome among adults in the United States. Nevertheless, the usage of monomeric sialylmimetics requires relatively large amounts of expensive compounds, which may also induce virus resistance and side effect. Clinical and functional assessments were done at baseline and at 16 weeks. Macroscopic assessment of the liver was possible in 60/61 high-risk patients and was considered diagnostic in 1/61.

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A self-administered health questionnaire for the preoperative risk stratification of patients undergoing cataract surgery. Therefore, opportunities are lost terazosin hcl dihydrate oxalic acid to pool data from many sites for advancement of patient care and outcomes. Meanwhile, effects of task difficulty and enviromental factor on human reliability were also studied.

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The microdissection and in vitro culture techniques have begun the task of identifying Fgfrs, Msx2, and Twist interacting in intricate signalling pathways that if disrupted could lead to craniosynostosis. After hip arthroplasty, many patients continue to exhibit abnormal gait patterns. leguminosarum mutant strains carrying Tn 5 insertions metronidazole 400 mg alcohol within this region exhibited a urease-negative phenotype, but induced wild-type levels of hydrogenase and nitrogenase activities in bacteroids.

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Charts were reviewed to identify dosing patterns (initial and maximum dose) and persistence, patient-reported headache benefit, and reported side effects. However, mutation of a crucial active-site tyrosine did not affect the ability of vlf-1 augmentin for dogs side effects to transactivate the polh promoter in transient expression assays, indicating that the very late transcriptional activity of VLF-1 does not require the integrase activity.

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Now, recent studies have identified novel ENTH/ANTH proteins that participate in CCV-mediated traffic between the trans-Golgi Network (TGN) and endosomes and have defined a molecular basis for interaction with AP-1 and GGA adaptors in clathrin coats of the TGN/endosomes. Compact method for optical induction of proximal probe heating and elongation. In contrast the two enzymes are medazol gel nail expressed at comparable rates in E. Teaching listening discrimination resulted in collateral improvement in pronunciation and, to a lesser extent, vice versa.

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Residual oil fly ash is an emission source air pollution particle with biological effects that, both in vitro and in vivo, correspond with its metal content. An anxiolytic drug is expected to encourage intermediate (CD-1) and high (Balb/c) anxiety mice to adventure onto the arms of the maze and make more visits to the arms to comparable levels seen with low anxiety c57 mice. This incidence figure of approximately 365 per 100.000 population is in accordance with the mean incidence of cancer of all sites of the body in Europe. The in vivo effect of triethyl lead chloride (TriEL) (10(-6)-10(-8) M) on the organization of non-epithelial intermediate filaments (vimentin and desmin filaments) was studied cefspan cefixime capsule 400 mg coq10 by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy employing different mammalian cell lines. There is little information about weight gain induced by antipsychotics at long-term.

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We conclude that the pathogenesis of restenosis is a multifactorial process involving various genetic and nongenetic factors. Failure in chronic infections therapy is due to the absence of medicaments to eradicate persistent forms acyclovir price in pakistan nokia of pathogens. We analysed the cost effectiveness of CEUS, considering whether or not computed tomography (CT) was necessary for the diagnosis.

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Floating action toothbrush bristles have been incorporated into a V-shaped sonic finast tablet uses toothbrush. Foveal retinal thickness measurements may vary among SD-OCT devices. Despite recent advances the molecular details of how these enzymes convert chemical energy into RNA remodeling is unknown.

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Free fluorescent particles can be removed effectively finast t tablet for kids by aspiration from the well. Microtubule dynamics in Paramecium caudatum were investigated with an anti-alpha-tubulin antibody and a microinjection technique to determine the function of microtubules on micronuclear behavior during conjugation. The observed signal enhancements are 2.2 in 3Q experiments, 3.1 in 5Q experiments, and 4.1 in 7Q experiments, compared to the conventional two-pulse scheme. International Animal Health, disease surveillance and trade in 2002. The aims of this study were to (1) examine the prevalence of pre-HT, (2) identify risk factors of pre-HT, and (3) identify factors that increase the likelihood of developing HT among the pre-HT group.